New phenomena, cyberbullying and hatespeech on the internet are more and more frequent.
Insults on social networks, creation of Facebook pages to discriminate one person or a group, incitement to hatred through videos, examples are numerous and can lead to grave consequences. In order to fight against these new forms of violence, UNESCO, the Council of Europe and the political authority are questioning how to make prevention, especially among young people.
What is cyberbullying ?
The French Ministry of Education created a website listing the different forms of cyberbullying :
Intimidating, insulting, doing mockery or threatening online.
Hacking accounts and digital identity theft.
Creating a discussion subject, a group or a page on a social network against a classmate.
Publishing a picture or a video of the victim in trouble.
According to a national investigation by the sociologist Eric Debarbieux, around 9% of children say that they suffered from a mean nickname, a humiliation or an insult on the internet. “I was bullied on the internet by a few girls, testifies Nanella on a website. They sent me messages on Facebook, telling that I was ugly, stupid and that I did not deserve to live”.
The council of Europe launched a campaign against hate speech online in order to educate young people about this issue and encourage them to report such violence. The campaign started on March 21st 2013 and will end in April 2014. During one year, young Europeans, aged between 13 and 30 years old, will take part to online and offline activities in order to plead against hatespeech on the internet. « You are the pioneers and the owners of this new dimension, you are also the guardians, "said Secretary General of the Council of Europe, Thorbjorn Jagland, at the young people. The goal is to "create a movement among young people that break the silence around these problems," said Tina Mulcahy, Director of the European Youth Centre.
The problematic is also studied at UNESCO, which organized on May 24, 2013, at Montenegro, a roundtable « Addressing online hate speech : the role of media accountability mechanisms ». It will serve as a venue to discuss the results of a survey about the extent and nature of online hate speech in Montenegro. The issue of bullying is one of UNESCO educational priorities. The Director-General, Irina Bokova, during the International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia on May 17th 2013, said : « Homophobic bullying is an unacceptable infringement of basic human rights. It is a cause of suffering that follows individuals outside the classroom, on the Internet and into adulthood. Human rights are not just for some – to be universal, to be meaningful, they must be for all. When human rights are at stake, we must stand united, or we do not stand at all. »